Exodus (The Peoples Bible)
Christ is the Passover Lamb, the firstborn Son, the prophet like Moses.
The Book of Exodus | My Jewish Learning
Once we appreciate the presence of an exodus pattern, the picture can be filled out. For instance, Pentecost is like Sinai, the giving of the Spirit like the giving of the Law. The presence of the recurring themes of exodus throughout the biblical text, in both Old and New Testaments, manifests that Scripture is not a collection of detached stories of miscellaneous acts of God in the past, but is a unified drama of redemption. Such patterns should increase our confidence in the Scripture as a divinely inspired and integrated whole.
The unity of the biblical witness and of the drama of redemption to which it bears witness also underlines the relevance of Old Testament narratives of exodus to the people of God in the twenty-first century. Each one of these baptisms draws upon the pattern of exodus in various ways. The baptism by John recalls both the crossing of the Red Sea and the crossing of the Jordan, the bookends of the period in the wilderness. It is also the transition from the ministry of John in the wilderness to the ministry of Jesus in the land, much as Joshua whose name Jesus shares succeeds from Moses at the banks of the Jordan.
Christ tears open the deep of death in his resurrection, allowing the faithful to pass through to the other side, unharmed by the evil one who is pursuing them. The baptism of the Church with the Spirit at Pentecost recalls the giving of the Law and establishment of the tabernacle at Sinai. The elements of bread and wine are elements taken from the existing ritual of the Passover meal.
We are baptized into Christ much as Israel was baptized into Moses. Like the Israelites, we are delivered through water and led by the Spirit to the Promised Land. Our celebration of the Supper is compared to the Israelites eating the manna and drinking from the rock or is compared to the celebration of the feast of the Passover, with Christ being the Lamb sacrificed for us.
We have been delivered from the dominion of the Pharaoh of this world, Satan. We are pilgrims in the wilderness of this present age, being led to the Promised Land of the new heavens and the new earth by the Spirit. We are being led by Christ, the prophet like Moses and the true Joshua. We face the temptation of returning to Egypt, and are tested in a great many ways, yet are called to follow our Master, who has overcome the ruler of this age.
When we read the story of the exodus, we are not just reading about some events that occurred in the distant past, but acquainting ourselves with patterns of divine redemption that are still being worked out in the world today. The themes of redemption disclosed in such narratives resonate with those of the New Exodus that we have been caught up into by the work of Christ. When we hear exodus stories we are listening to variations within the one great Story, a Story that finds its climax in the Great Exodus, as through the Passover sacrifice of his Son, the Father delivers us from the kingdom of Satan, leading us by the Spirit into the new creation.
Alastair J. Exodus Philip Graham Ryken. Exodus Matthew R. The Lamb of God Nancy Guthrie. After developing these fears, Pharaoh devises a plan to keep Israel right where it is in Egypt.
Introduction to the Book of Exodus
Pharaoh is certainly concerned that the departure of so great a segment of the labor force from the country would have a negative impact on the economy. Pharaoh plans, however, not only to keep the Israelites in Egypt, but to place them in the service of the state. This confinement of the Israelites is achieved by oppressing them with harsh, forced labor. Exodus begins, "These are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob, each with his household.
Egypt was not the true home of the people of Israel, but they had emigrated there in prior generations. Israel was merely supposed to be a guest in Egypt. The Israelites, however, had become comfortable there and had made Egypt their home. After being in Egypt for such a long time the Israelites would have surely had homes there, gotten married and had children, and would have begun to assimilate.
Nevertheless, the Israelites should not have identified with the land of Egypt, the land of Egypt was not their home. Egypt was a land for other people with which to identify.
Exodus 32 – The Golden Calf
From Genesis 12 on, promises had been made by God to the people of Israel that they would be made a great nation and given a land of their own. God had promised that they would be led to a promised land, a land flowing with milk honey. The identification of the people of God with the whole people of God can lead the laos into enslavement.
An identification of the laos with the whole people of God can foster a false sense of comfort and security for the people of God which can inhibit the promises that God has in store for the people. Because the Israelites were comfortable and secure for a time in Egypt, they were not prepared to relinquish the life in Egypt for the promised land. Egypt was not merely oppressive in the eyes of the Israelites, it was also somehow attractive before they were enslaved in forced labor.
Even after their liberation from forced labor the Israelites complained in the wilderness because of their hunger and longed for Egypt remembering that there they had at least sat by the fleshpots and eaten their fill of bread. Yes, indeed, there must be an association of the people of God with the whole people of God, but the two must not be identified in our minds, even if terminology is used to distinguish between the two in our speech.
In the one-third world this is a point that I believe needs to be especially considered on account of the great comforts available.
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It is quite easy to feel so at home and comfortable in everyday life that we are able to easily overlook the enslavement into which we are being led by the world. A close relationship with the whole people of God is, indeed, essential. Paul affirms this very association of the laos with the whole people of God in 1 Corinthians 5. Paul writes that he certainly does not mean for the Corinthian Christians not to associate with non-Christians, since otherwise they "would need to go out of the world.
An identification of the laos with the whole people of God, however, reduces the significance of the special role the people of God are called to play for the sake of the whole people of God. The people of God are called to play a role in referring the whole people of God and the entire cosmos to Christ for its sanctification and glorification.
An association of the laos with whole people of God is essential, but an identification of the two does not serve either of the people or the gospel. Egypt is not our home; here we have no lasting city; "our citizenship is in heaven, and it is from there that we are expecting a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ" Phil. The days of comfort for the people of God in Egypt did not last long. The Israelites comfortable place among the whole people of God in Egypt led to enslavement. Pharaoh was not blind to the rapid population growth of the people of Israel. He feared that the Israelites would become too numerous and too strong and escape from the land of Egypt, so Pharaoh attempted to thwart this possible exodus by imposing harsh labor on the people of God.
Other books set around this time At least in part, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy which are all set around the time of the giving of the law.
What kind of book is it? Exodus falls into two categories Theological history i. With the Exodus, the underlying theme is that God is the God who frees people from slavery. Law, i. How is it structured? Words you may want to check. Look out for…. What could this mean for me? Discussion group questions.
Were there any parts of the book that you particularly liked or which inspired you?
Were there any parts of the book that you disliked or which troubled you? What did you think the book was about? Talk about the Exodus. Talk about why you think it is so important and in what way it might continue to be important today. You might like to think about whether there is anything that occupies our national imaginations in the same way e. Why do you think they and we struggled so much with faithfulness? Talk about this, what do you think is going on here? Did you read anything in the book that touched you, expanded your faith or made you think more deeply about your life and how you live it?
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